Special Diabetes Program

The American Diabetes Association has long been a leader and partner in efforts to increase the federal commitment to prevent, treat, and cure diabetes and to address the diabetes epidemic in disproportionately impacted populations. Since 1997, a key component of these efforts has been the Special Diabetes Program for Indians (SDPI) at the Indian Health Service (IHS) and the Special Statutory Funding Program for Type 1 Diabetes Research (SDP-type1) at the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease (NIDDK). These two programs represent a significant contribution from the federal government to combat, prevent and cure diabetes. These vital programs require periodic Congressional re-authorization.

In February 2018, Congress renewed the Special Diabetes Programs for two years and it is now set to expire in September 2019. Timely, multi-year renewals allow treatments, interventions, and an eventual cure for the benefit of all Americans living with diabetes.

Special Statutory Funding Program for Type 1 Diabetes Research (SDP-type 1)

SDP-type 1 is dedicated funding for research into the prevention and cure of type 1 diabetes. It provides researchers the resources to carry out long-term investigations that can have a positive impact on thousands of lives.

SDP-type 1 has led to real advances in many areas of type 1 diabetes. The program has created significant research opportunities that are helping to improve the lives of people living with diabetes, prevent the onset of the disease in others, and bring us closer to a cure for this dangerous and costly disease.

Special Diabetes Program for Indians (SDPI)

SDPI gives Indian health programs and tribal communities the resources and tools they need to prevent and treat diabetes. American Indians and Alaska Natives have the highest age-adjusted prevalence of diabetes among all U.S. racial and ethnic groups at over 15%.

SDPI funding has led to demonstrated and continued improvements in diabetes prevention and care in American Indian and Alaska Native communities. These improvements ultimately benefit all people with diabetes.

Funding over 300 grantees in 35 states, local tribes and health programs are provided the opportunity to set priorities around prevention and treatment that meet the needs of the community. View video to learn more here. 

These needed programs help translate the science of diabetes into real-world settings by providing improved care for our patients and prevention efforts that are turning the hope of a diabetes-free future into a reality.

Learn more about SDPI.

Read about the Special Diabetes Program: Stories of Hope and Progress here!

Read more about Special Diabetes Program in an article featured in Diabetes Forecast here!


  • Last Reviewed: March 7, 2018
  • Last Edited: August 29, 2018

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