Statistics About Diabetes
Overall Numbers, Diabetes and Prediabetes
- Prevalence: In 2015, 30.3 million Americans, or 9.4% of the population, had diabetes.
- Approximately 1.25 million American children and adults have type 1 diabetes.
- Undiagnosed: Of the 30.3 million adults with diabetes, 23.1 million were diagnosed, and 7.2 million were undiagnosed.
- Prevalence in Seniors: The percentage of Americans age 65 and older remains high, at 25.2%, or 12.0 million seniors (diagnosed and undiagnosed).
- New Cases: 1.5 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes every year.
- Prediabetes: In 2015, 84.1 million Americans age 18 and older had prediabetes.
- Deaths: Diabetes remains the 7th leading cause of death in the United States in 2015, with 79,535 death certificates listing it as the underlying cause of death, and a total of 252,806 death certificates listing diabetes as an underlying or contributing cause of death.
Diabetes in Youth
- About 193,000 Americans under age 20 are estimated to have diagnosed diabetes, approximately 0.24% of that population.
- In 2011—2012, the annual incidence of diagnosed diabetes in youth was estimated at 17,900 with type 1 diabetes, 5,300 with type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes by Race/Ethnicity
The rates of diagnosed diabetes in adults by race/ethnic background are:
- 7.4% of non-Hispanic whites
- 8.0% of Asian Americans
- 12.1% of Hispanics
- 12.7% of non-Hispanic blacks
- 15.1% of American Indians/Alaskan Natives
The breakdown among Asian Americans:
- 4.3% for Chinese
- 8.9% for Filipinos
- 11.2% for Asian Indians
- 8.5% for other Asian Americans.
The breakdown among Hispanic adults:
- 8.5% for Central and South Americans
- 9.0% for Cubans
- 13.8% for Mexican Americans
- 12.0% for Puerto Ricans.
Diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in the United States in 2015 based on the 79,535 death certificates in which diabetes was listed as the underlying cause of death. In 2015, diabetes was mentioned as a cause of death in a total of 252,806 certificates.
Diabetes may be underreported as a cause of death. Studies have found that only about 35% to 40% of people with diabetes who died had diabetes listed anywhere on the death certificate and about 10% to 15% had it listed as the underlying cause of death.
Cost of Diabetes
Updated March 6, 2013
- $245 billion: Total costs of diagnosed diabetes in the United States in 2012
- $176 billion for direct medical costs
- $69 billion in reduced productivity
After adjusting for population age and sex differences, average medical expenditures among people with diagnosed diabetes were 2.3 times higher than what expenditures would be in the absence of diabetes.
For Additional Information
See the infographic, The Staggering Costs of Diabetes.
For additional information, CDC National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017.