Type 1 Diabetes

Millions of people around the world live with diabetes or know someone living with diabetes. The majority have type 2 diabetes, but an important minority have type 1 diabetes (~5%).  Contrary to popular belief, type 1 diabetes is not a childhood disease.  It occurs at every age, in people of every race, and of every shape and size. In fact, there are more adults who have type 1 diabetes than children, although it was previously known as juvenile diabetes. 

In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. The body breaks down the carbohydrates you eat into blood glucose (also called blood sugar), which it uses for energy. Insulin is a hormone that the body needs to get glucose from the bloodstream into the cells of the body. With the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, even young children can learn to manage their condition and live long, healthy lives.

Living With Type 1 Diabetes

There are many components to proper management of type 1 diabetes.

Exercise & Type 1 Diabetes

With type 1, it’s very important to balance your insulin doses with the food you eat and the activity that you do.

For Parents & Kids

Diabetes is a disease that affects the whole family, especially when a child is diagnosed.

Explore: Type 1 Diabetes

  • New to Type 1 Diabetes?

    The Courage-Wisdom-Hope Kit for children and their families helps every kid feel smart, brave and ready to live a great life.

  • Type 1 Research Highlights

    About 1.25 million Americans have type 1 diabetes and an estimated 40,000 people will be newly diagnosed each year in the U.S. The American Diabetes Associated is dedicated to the research, education and advocacy needed to improve the lives of all people affected by diabetes.

  • Safe at School

    Make sure your child's school is prepared to handle diabetes.

  • Insulin & Other Injectables

    Learn more about when, why and how insulin therapy works for people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

  • Guide to Raising a Child with Diabetes, 3rd Edition

    An invaluable parenting tool, featuring the latest advances in diabetes care, plus parenting advice from diabetes experts. Learn to navigate through the normal activities of childhood and raise your kids to be strong, confident, and capable of managing their own diabetes care.

  • The Type 1 Diabetes Self-Care Manual

    If you have type 1 diabetes or you care for a loved one or friend who does, you face a lifetime of ever-changing challenges. The good news is that this complex disease is manageable. The Type 1 Diabetes Self-Care Manual will help guide you through the different phases of life with type 1 diabetes so you can face these challenges with confidence. Written by Drs. Jamie Wood and Anne Peters, two of the leading experts on diabetes clinical care, the Manual covers all aspects of type 1 diabetes. (This publication was funded through a grant from The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust.)

  • Hyperglycemia (High Blood Glucose)

    Watch for symptoms of hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) and learn how to treat it.

  • Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Glucose)

    Treat hypoglycemia (sometimes called an insulin reaction) as soon as possible.

  • Doctors, Nurses & More

    Work with your doctors to create the best treatment plan for you.

  • Camp

    Give a child with diabetes a summer to remember at one of our special camps.

  • Sports & Recreation

    Exercise and physical activity are good for everyone and especially important for children with diabetes. Just remember to check blood glucose (blood sugar) often – before and after exercise.

  • Patient Education Materials - Type 1 Diabetes

    This two-page introduction to type 1 diabetes is in PDF format so you can download it, print it, and hand it out to patients.