Understanding Carbohydrates

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How much and what type of carbohydrate foods are important for managing diabetes. The balance between how much insulin is in your body and the carbohydrate you eat makes a difference in your blood glucose levels. Learn more about how much and what foods to include in your meal plan.

Featured book: The Complete Guide to Carb Counting, 3rd Edition

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Types of Carbohydrates

Learn about the three main types of carbohydrate in food and how they fit into your meal plan.

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Carbohydrate Counting

Use carbohydrate counting to help keep your blood glucose levels in your target range.

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Make Your Carbs Count

When you reach for carbohydrate foods, make them count by selecting the most nutrient dense choices.

Explore: Understanding Carbohydrates

  • Glycemic Index and Diabetes

    Learn about the glycemic index and if it can help you manage diabetes.

  • Low-Calorie Sweeteners

    Low-calorie sweeteners are also called artificial sweeteners, sugar substitutes, or non-nutritive sweeteners. They can be used to sweeten food and drinks for less calories and carbohydrate when they replace sugar.

  • Sugar and Desserts

    With diabetes, it's important to save sweets and desserts for special occasions. But with a little planning, you can still enjoy a small portion of your favorite treat once in a while.

  • Sugar Alcohols

    Sugar alcohols are a reduced calorie sweetener used in many foods.