Other Injectable Medications
Besides insulin, there are other injectable drugs used to treat diabetes.
GLP-1 Receptor Agonists
These medications stimulate insulin production while suppressing the liver’s glucose output. They may decrease appetite and promote some weight loss. They can initially cause nausea, which may get better or go away with time. They generally do not cause hypoglycemia, though if you are taking a sulfonylurea, your doctor may reduce the dose of that to reduce the risk for hypoglycemia.
- Albiglutide (Tanzeum); weekly
- Dulaglutide (Trulicity); daily
- Exenatide (Byetta); twice daily
- Exenatide Extended Release (Bydureon); weekly
- Liraglutide (Victoza); daily
This medication slows food from moving too quickly through the stomach and helps keep after-meal glucose levels from going too high. It can suppress appetite and may cause weight loss. It also reduces glucose production by the liver. It is taken before meals and may cause nausea, which usually reduces over time.
- Pramlintide (Symlin); with meals