Understand Eye Conditions

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Eye Health

Understand Eye Conditions

Vision Loss and Diabetes

The eyes may be windows to the soul, but for people with diabetes, looking deep into the retina can also reveal a diabetes-related eye disease. Two of the most common types of vision loss related to diabetes are macular edema and retinopathy. Both are under the scope of diabetic eye disease, which includes all the retinal changes caused by diabetes.

Symptoms: Cloudy vision, trouble seeing at night, seeing double, blurry vision in only one eye, redness or pain in your eye, loss of peripheral vision and seeing floaters or spots 

Treatment: The treatments for macular edema and proliferative retinopathy can prevent vision loss and even restore some of your lost vision.

How to catch early: Annual dilated eye exam

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Diabetic Retinopathy

High blood sugar levels can cause damage to blood vessels in a part of your eye called the retina. There are various stages of diabetic eye disease. Diabetic Retinopathy is the most common and serious type of eye problem associated with diabetes.

Symptoms: Often none. Also common: blurred vision, distorted vision, impaired colors, seeing spots or vision loss

Treatment: Good diabetes management including controlled blood glucose levels. Other treatment may include medication via injections or eyedrops, laser treatment or surgery.

How to catch early: Annual dilated eye exam

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Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye disease that causes damage to your optic nerve resulting in irreversible vision loss and is more common in people with diabetes.

Symptoms: Often none. Sometimes headaches, eye pain, blurred vision, watery/red eyes, halos, vision loss

Treatment: Good diabetes management including controlled blood glucose levels. Other treatment may include medication via injections or eyedrops, laser treatment or surgery.

How to catch early: Annual dilated eye exam

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Cataracts

Usually associated with age, cataracts are more common and occur earlier in people diagnosed with diabetes. With cataracts, the lens in your eye becomes cloudy due to the breakdown of proteins in the lens.

Symptoms: Blurred vision, hazy vision, halos around lights particularly at night

Treatment: Cataract surgery to replace the lens near the surface of the eye.

How to catch early: Annual dilated eye exam

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Diabetic Macular Edema

Diabetic Macular Edema is when the tiny blood vessels in the retina leak fluid which builds up and causing swelling. This distorts vision and may lead to permanent vision loss.

Symptoms: Blurry, distorted or wavy central vision. Color perception may also appear washed out.

Treatment: Good diabetes management including controlled blood glucose levels. Other treatment may include medication via injections or eyedrops, laser treatment or surgery.

How to catch early: Annual dilated eye exam


 

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American Diabetes Association does not endorse any product or service.


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